7 Reasons that elevate the PSA value

The prostate test (PSA) detects and measures the levels of a protein in the blood that is called prostate specific antigen (PSA). Prostate cancer makes PSA levels go higher, but a positive PSA test, does NOT necessarily mean that there is a hidden cancer.

Prostate pain

Sometimes PSA values ​​may be elevated but the reason may be simple, such as ejaculation 24 hours before the test or due to a urinary tract infection. And of course, men have to take their health family history into account before making hasty conclusions.


Let's look at some causes for elevated prostate values.


Even without prostate problems, age can affect the PSA levels.
At age 40, a PSA of 2.5 is the normal limit.
By age 60, the limit is up to 4.5.
By age 70, a PSA of 6.5 could be considered normal.

Read more about the normal psa levels here.


A common problem in men under 50. If the PSA value is elevated, the reason may be inflammation of the gland, ie prostatitis. It is treated with antibiotics.

Any medical procedure at the area

The PSA level rises with any surgery done in the prostate gland area, e.g. catheter placement or taking a biopsy. In such a case, you will have to wait at least 3 weeks before performing the test.

Male physiology

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlargement of the prostate gland, but it’s not prostate cancer. BPH is the most common prostate problem in men over age 50. It may not need to be treated unless it’s causing frequent or difficult urination..

Urinary tract infection

Any infection in the prostate gland, including urinary tract infection, can irritate and infect the prostate cells, resulting in a higher PSA value. So if you have urinary tract infection, you should wait until you are fully cured and then perform the test.


Ejaculation 24 hours before the test may slightly raise the PSA value. Also, finger rectal examination brings the same effect.


Some studies say long-term cycling is associated with elevated PSA levels. Others haven’t found this connection. Since there is no clear results, just keep it in mind if you're a cyclist and want to check your PSA.





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