Coronavirus and pregnancy
- How does the new SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus affect pregnant women?
- Should they be worried or not?
- What measures should I take?
Firstly let's clarify some basics.
What is a coronavirus?
The Wuhan coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is a member of the coronavirus family. Most coronaviruses survive exclusively on animals, but scientists have identified about 7 strains capable of transmitting to humans. One of these strains is SARS-CoV-2, the official name of this new coronavirus. SARS in 2002 and MERS in 2012 were similarly transferred to humans.
What does SARS-CoV-2 mean and what does COVID-19 mean?
SARS-CoV-2 is the name of the virus (before this official name, we knew the virus by the name "New Coronavirus" or "Wuhan Coronavirus").
COVID-19 is the disease that the SARS-CoV-2 virus causes. Such as the HIV virus causes the AIDS disease.
If you want to read more about the SARS virus-CoV-2, we suggest you visit the relevant web-page of EODY: https://eody.gov.gr/neos-koronaios-covid-19/
I'm pregnant. Should I be worried?
Yes, but no more than the concern you have had so far about any type of illness, such as the flu. For COVID-19, it is still too early to come to a clear conclusion. What is certain is that because the immune system is partially suppressed in pregnant women, they are more susceptible to such diseases and therefore should be more careful.
If I get infected, will I pass on the disease to my unborn child?
It is too early for definitive conclusions, but empirically, the few cases of pregnant women infected with coronavirus have not transmitted it to their unborn child. In these rare cases where pregnant women were infected with COVID-19, the virus was not detected in either amniotic fluid or breast milk.
Will I be more likely to have miscarriages or pregnancy complications if I get infected?
Yes, there may be complications in pregnancy if infected with the coronavirus, but the same is true if infected with influenza or other such viruses. There is no comparable published research to date, but past experience with SARS and MERS has shown a correlation between coronavirus and pregnancy complications.
I have COVID-19 and am going to give birth. Should I breastfeed my child?
COVID-19 is transmitted from person to person. What we know so far is that it mainly occurs through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
There is no evidence that the virus is transmitted through breast milk. In limited reports of women who are breast-feeding while infected with SARS-CoV, the virus was not detected in breast milk. However, antibodies against SARS-CoV were detected in at least one sample.
What measures should I take?
First of all, there should be no panic. The general hygiene rules must be followed, with the washing of hands with soap for at least 20 seconds and avoiding touching the face being very important. If you notice any of the symptoms, you should contact your doctor and EODY immediately.
Note: We tried to gather as much information as we could on pregnancy and the virus, and in consultation with a private doctor, to expose it. This information, given the short duration of the virus and the extremely limited number of published surveys, may need to be modified. However, as of today (29/2/2019) they are valid and you should consider them as accurate and valid. In any case, if you believe you have the symptoms of the virus, then you should contact the EODY at the numbers 1135, 2105212000 and 2105212054 as well as your doctor.
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